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  • November Awareness!

                                                                                             November is Diabetes Awareness Month!

    November is recognized as diabetes awareness month. Diabetes is a disease that occurs when your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high. Over time, having too much glucose in your blood can cause health problems, such as heart disease, nerve damage, eye problems, and kidney disease. 30.3 million of the population has diabetes. 1 in 4 people have diabetes and have not been diagnosed. Diabetes is the 7th leading cause of death in the united states. In 2015 there was a reported 79,535 death cases due to diabetes. There are 4 main types of diabetes, prediabetes, gestational, type 1, and type 2.

     

    Prediabetes: Prediabetes means that your blood sugar level is higher than normal but not yet high enough to be type 2 diabetes. Without lifestyle changes, people with prediabetes are very likely to progress to type 2 diabetes.

    Risk Factors:

            * Family history

            * Genetics

            * Sedentary lifestyle

            * Overweight/Excess fat

            * Diet: eating processed meat and drinking sweetened beverages are associated with higher risk

            * Race: African- Americans, Hispanics, Native Americans and Asian- Americans are at higher risk

    Type 1: Occurs when your immune system, the body’s system for fighting infection, attacks and destroys the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas.

    Risk Factors:

            * Race/ethnicity

            * Geography

            * Family history

            * Early diet

            * Autoimmune conditions

    Type 2: Occurs when your body does not make or use insulin well. You can develop type 2 diabetes at any age, even during childhood. However, this type of diabetes occurs most often in middle-aged and older people. Type 2 is the most common type of diabetes.

    Risk Factors:

            * Overweight

            * 45 yrs. or older

            * Family history

            * Race/ethnicity: African Americans and Hispanic Americans are more susceptible.

            * Insulin Resistance: a condition in which muscle, liver, and fat cells do not use insulin well.

            * High blood pressure

            * History of heart disease or stroke

            * Depression

            * History of gestational diabetes

    Gestational diabetes: Occurs only during pregnancy. Gestational diabetes can cause health problems in both mother and baby.

    Risk Factors:

            * Family history

            * Overweight/obese before becoming pregnant

            * Gaining too much weight during pregnancy

     

    Symptoms of Diabetes:

            * Increased thirst and urination

            * Increased hunger

            * Fatigue

            * Blurred vision

            * Numbness or tingling in the feet or hands

            * Sores that do not heal

            * Unexplained weight loss

     

    Screening for Diabetes:

     

            * Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) test

                  - This test measures your blood glucose at a single point in time. This test is best done in the morning because you must be fasting from food and drink for 8 hours before the test.

            * A1C

                  - Blood test that provides your average levels of blood glucose over the past 3 months. WARNING this test is not accurate for people with anemia.

            * Random plasma glucose (RPG) test

                  - Used when diabetes symptoms are present, and they do not want to wait until you have fasted. You do not need to fast overnight for the RPG test.

    * Pregnant women may have the glucose challenge test, the oral glucose tolerance test, or both. These tests are performed only for gestational diabetes.

  • SIDS Awareness

                                                                                  October is SIDS Awareness Month

    October is recognized as Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) awareness month. SIDS is defined as a sudden, unexplained death of an infant younger than 1 year of age that remains unexplained after a complete investigation is conducted. In 2016, 1,500 infant deaths were due to SIDS. SIDS was the leading cause of deaths in infants 1 month to 1 year of age. 90% of SIDS cases occur during the first 6 months of an infant’s life. The cause of SIDS is still unknown, but there are ways to lower the risk of SIDS.

    Risk Factors

           * Preterm Birth: Infants born before 37 weeks gestation.

           * Smoking: Infants whose mother smoked during pregnancy or live within a non-Smoke free home.

           * Race/Ethnic origin: Rates are higher for African American and American Indians than for Caucasians, Hispanic, and Asian Americans. 

    How to Prevent SIDS:

           * Do not smoke during pregnancy, and do not smoke or allow smoking around your baby

           * Do not drink alcohol or use illegal drugs during pregnancy.

           * Breastfeed your baby.

           * Visit your baby’s health care provider for regular checkups. Your baby will receive important shots to prevent disease.

           * Practice SAFE SLEEP

                  * Place your baby on his or her back for all sleep times—naps and at night.

                  * Use a firm, flat sleep surface, such as a mattress in a safety-approved crib, covered by a fitted sheet.

                  * Keep your baby’s sleep area (for example, a crib or bassinet) in the same room where you sleep until your baby is at least 6 months old, or ideally, until your baby is one year old.

                  * Keep soft bedding such as blankets, pillows, bumper pads, and soft toys out of your baby’s sleep area.

                  * Do not cover your baby’s head or allow your baby to get too hot. Signs your baby may be getting too hot include sweating or his or her chest feels hot.

    Questions to ask your doctor

           * Is my child at risk for SIDS?

           * Once my child is old enough to roll over, is he or she still at risk for SIDS?

           * Should I wake my child up throughout the night when he or she is a newborn?

           * Is there a test to determine how well my baby is breathing?

           * Can allergies or asthma at a young age cause SIDS?

           * What devises are good to use to catch SIDS symptoms?

    Get more information about SIDS:

    https://www.cdc.gov/sids/index.htm

    https://sids.org/

    http://www.idph.state.il.us/sids/sids_grief.htm

     

  • Breast Cancer Awareness Month

                                                                                        October is Breast Cancer Awareness Month!

                October is recognized as Breast Cancer awareness month. Breast Cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissue of the breast. Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women and although rare in men 2,470 men will be diagnosed yearly, with a mortality rate of 18%. 1 in 8 women will be diagnosed with breast cancer in their lifetime. Yearly 252710 women are diagnosed with breast cancer with a mortality rate of 16%. Breast cancer is caused by damage to a cell’s DNA, although doctors rarely know how the cell was damaged or why one person will develop breast cancer and other does not.

    Risk Factors:

      Genetic:

         * Gender: Women develop breast cancer more often than men.

         * Age: ¾ of women diagnosed are over 55.

         * Race: Caucasian women are diagnosed more often than any other races.

         * Family History: If anyone on your maternal side has been diagnosed with breast cancer you’re at a higher risk.

         * Personal Health History: If you have been diagnosed with breast cancer in one breast you are more likely to develop cancer in the other.

         * Menstrual & Reproductive History: early menstruation (before age 12), and late menopause (after 55).

         * Genome Changes: such as BRCA1 or BRCA2

         * Dense Breast Tissue: Breast tissue that contains high amounts of glandular tissue and fibrous tissue and low amounts of fatty tissues. This causes lumps to be harder to detect.

    Environmental:

         * Lack of physical activity

         * Poor diet

         * Being overweight

         * Drinking alcohol

         * Radiation to the chest

         * Combined hormone replacement therapy (HRT)

    * Having these risk factors does not determine if you will develop breast cancer. 60-70% of people with breast cancer have no connection with any of these risk factors, but they do increase your odds of developing breast cancer.

    What to look for?

    Some warning signs of breast cancer are:

         * New lump in the breast or underarm (armpit).

         * Thickening or swelling of part of the breast.

         * Irritation or dimpling of breast skin.

         * Redness or flaky skin in the nipple area or the breast.

         * Pulling in of the nipple or pain in the nipple area.

         * Nipple discharge other than breast milk, including blood.

         * Any change in the size or the shape of the breast.

         * Pain in any area of the breast.

    MYTH: Breast cancer is caused by wearing underwire bras, implants, deodorants, antiperspirants, mammograms, caffeine, plastic food serving items, microwaves, or cell phones

    Types:

    • Benign Tumors: When a tumor is diagnosed as benign, doctors will usually leave it alone rather than remove it. Even though these tumors are not generally aggressive toward surrounding tissue, occasionally they may continue to grow, pressing on organs and causing pain or other problems. In these situations, the tumor is removed, allowing pain or complications to subside.
    • Malignant tumors: Malignant tumors are cancerous and aggressive because they invade and damage surrounding tissue. When a tumor is suspected to be malignant, the doctor will perform a biopsy to determine the severity or aggressiveness of the tumor.
    • Metastatic cancer: Metastatic cancer is when cancer cells of a malignant tumor spread to other parts of the body, usually through the lymph system, and form a secondary tumor.

     When dealing with breast cancer, tumors are often graded based on a scale of one to three indicating how aggressive the cancerous cells are:

           * Low grade (1) - Well-diffentiated

           * Intermediate grade (2) - Moderately differentiated

           * High grade (3) - Poorly differentiated

     

    Screenings for breast cancer

    * Breast ultrasound: A machine that uses sound waves to make detailed pictures, called sonograms, of areas inside the breast.

    * Diagnostic mammogram: If you have a problem in your breast, such as lumps, or if an area of the breast looks abnormal on a screening mammogram, doctors may have you get a diagnostic mammogram. This is a more detailed X-ray of the breast.

    * Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): A kind of body scan that uses a magnet linked to a computer. The MRI scan will make detailed pictures of areas inside the breast.

    * Biopsy: This is a test that removes tissue or fluid from the breast to be looked at under a microscope and do more testing. There are different kinds of biopsies (for example, fine-needle aspiration, core biopsy, or open biopsy).

     

    Support all those who are affected by Breast Cancer and participate in Sarah Bush’s “Paint the Town” Oct. 13. For more information visit: https://www.sarahbush.org/paintthetown5k/

  • September Awareness

                                                                                                           Ovarian Cancer Awareness Month

                       September is recognized as ovarian cancer awareness month. Ovarian cancer ranks fifth in cancer deaths among women, accounting for more deaths than any other cancer of the female reproductive system. A woman's risk of getting ovarian cancer during her lifetime is about 1 in 78. Her lifetime chance of dying from ovarian cancer is about 1 in 108. Early detection in any type of cancer can increase survival rates. If you have any question or concerns about ovarian cancer talk to your doctor.

     

    Risk Factors:

    - Age: Ovarian Cancer is rare in women under 40. Most ovarian cancer develops after menopause

    - Later Pregnancy: Women whose first full-term pregnancy occurs after age 35

    - Non-full-term pregnancy: Women who have never carried a pregnancy to full-term.

    - Using Fertility treatment (in vitro)

    - Family History

    - Taking hormone therapy: primary in women taking estrogen during menopause

    - Having present or past breast cancer

    Having any of these risk factors causes your statistics of having ovarian cancer higher but is not a guarantee of ovarian cancer occurring. 

     

    WHAT TO LOOK FOR?

    - Bloating

    - Pelvic or abdominal(belly) pain

    - Urinary symptoms:

    - Urgency: always feeling like you must go

    - Frequency: having to go often

    - Trouble Eating or feeling full quickly

    Other symptoms include:

    - Fatigue, upset stomach, back pain, pain during sex, constipation, changes in periods, abdominal swelling accompanied by weight loss.

     

    Screening for Ovarian Cancer

    - Physical exam

    -Medical history

    - Pelvic exam: Checking for enlarges ovaries and signs ascites (fluid in abdomen)

     

    Further test only occurs if physical exam suggests ovarian cancer.

    - Consolation with specialist (gynecologic oncologist)

    - Imaging testing

    - Ultrasound

    - CT scan

    - Other testing: to check for cancer spreading

     

    Types of Ovarian Cancer:

     

    • Epithelial tumors
      - About 90% of ovarian cancers develop in the epithelium, the thin layer of tissue that covers the ovaries. This form of ovarian cancer generally occurs in postmenopausal women.
    • Germ cell carcinoma tumors
      - Accounts to about 5% of ovarian cancer this type begins in the cells that form eggs. While germ cell carcinoma can occur in women of any age, it tends to be found most often in women in their early 20s.
    • Stromal carcinoma tumors
      - Ovarian stromal carcinoma accounts for about 5% of ovarian cancer cases. It develops in the connective tissue cells that hold the ovary together and those that produce the female hormones estrogen and progesterone
    • Small cell carcinoma of the ovary
      - Small cell carcinoma of the ovary (SCCO) is a rare, highly malignant tumor that affects mainly young women, with a median age at diagnosis of 24 years old. 
  • September Awareness

    PROSTATE CANCER AWARENESS MONTH

    September is recognized as Prostate Cancer Awareness Month. Out of every 100 American men, about 13 will get prostate cancer during their lifetime, and 2 to 3 men will die from prostate cancer. Prostate cancer is 99% treatable if detected early. Most men with prostate cancer are older than 65 years and do not die from the disease. Finding and treating prostate cancer before symptoms occur may improve your health and help you live longer. Learn more and talk to your doctor before you decide to get screened or treated for prostate cancer.

     

    WHAT TO LOOK FOR?

    • <>Difficulty starting urination.
    • <>Weak or interrupted flow of urine.
    • <>Frequent urination, especially at night.
    • <>Difficulty emptying the bladder completely.
    • <>Pain or burning during urination.
    • <>Blood in the urine or semen.
    • <>Pain in the back, hips, or pelvis that doesn’t go away.
    • <>Painful ejaculation.

    *If you have any symptoms that worry you, be sure to see your doctor right away.

     

    Screening for Prostate Cancer

    One screening test for prostate cancer is a blood test, which can be abnormal (not normal) for several reasons besides prostate cancer. The only way to know if an abnormal test is due to cancer is to do a biopsy.

    Treatment of prostate cancer may include:

    • <>Close monitoring and follow-up visits.
    • <>Radiation.
    • <>Surgery to remove the prostate.

    *Patient may incur side effects with treatment

     

    Questions for Your Doctor:

    • <>Am I at a greater risk for prostate cancer?
    • <>At what age should I start to think about screening for prostate cancer?
    • <>If I get my blood test, and it is not normal, what other things could I have besides prostate cancer?
    • <>What is a biopsy, and how is it done?
    • <>What are the side effects or risks of a biopsy?
    • <>If my biopsy shows some cancer cells, what does that mean?
    •                 <>Ask about all treatment options: close monitoring and follow-up visits, radiation, or surgery to remove the prostate.
    • <>What are the side effects or risks of each treatment?
  • November Awareness!

    • 10/29/2018 - 10:36
  • SIDS Awareness

    • 10/18/2018 - 14:52
  • Breast Cancer Awareness Month

    • 10/04/2018 - 14:29
  • September Awareness

    • 09/10/2018 - 09:39
  • September Awareness

    • 08/31/2018 - 11:35

Emergency Contact Information

In the case of an emergency after business hours, please call the Clark County Sheriff's Department at 217-826-6393 or 9-1-1.